Daniel S. Macfarlane's background and his involvement in and statements about the Mountain Meadows Massacre
Daniel Sinclair Macfarlane
- 1 Biographical Sketch
- 1.1 Early Life in Scotland
- 1.2 Immigration to America and then to Utah
- 1.3 To Cedar City and the Ironworks
- 1.4 In the Iron Military District: Dan Macfarlane, Adjutant to Capt. Joel White, Company D, Isaac Haight's 2nd Battalion
- 1.5 Remaining in Cedar City
- 1.6 Service During the Black Hawk War
- 1.7 Other Pursuits
- 1.8 Later Statements about the Massacre
- 1.9 Final Years
- 2 References
- 3 External Links
Early Life in Scotland
Daniel Sinclair Macfarlane was born to John and Annabella Sinclair Macfarlane in Stirlingshire in the Scottish highlands. In 1842, his mother was impressed with the message of the newly arrived missionaries of Mormonism and joined the new church. His father died in 1846 when Daniel was less than ten.
During the 1840s, several other members of the Macfarlane family joined the Mormons and attended the Glasgow conference. They were unable to immigrate, however, until the church established its Perpetual Emigrating Fund to assist indigent European converts to immigrate to Utah Territory in the American West.
Immigration to America and then to Utah
With that assistance, Daniel Macfarlane, his mother, Annabella Macfarlane, and his older brother, John Menzies Macfarlane, began their journey in early 1852 to the Mormon "Zion" in Utah. In Liverpool, they met Mormon elder Isaac Haight and traveled under his direction in their voyage. Arriving in the United States, they steamed up the Mississippi River to St. Louis and then Kansas City.
After disembarking in Kansas City, Annabella Sinclair Macfarlane, 40, and her three children, John, 18, Ann, 17, and Daniel, 14, joined the Abraham O. Smoot Company which consisted of 250 individuals and 33 wagons when it began its journey.
The overland trails were flooded with travelers that year, most of them bound for the California Gold Rush. Cholera was epidemic that season and there were at least ten deaths in the company from cholera, measles, or other causes. They passed the usual milestones on the trail: Fort Kearney, the South Fork of the Platte River, Chimney Rock, Fort Laramie, the Sweetwater River, Independence Rock, Devil's Gate, Green River, Fort Bridger, Bear River, and Weber River. After suffering the usual hardships of the overland trail they arrived in Great Salt Lake Valley in September.
They were the first company whose journey to Mormon Utah had been funded by the church's Perpetual Emigrating Fund. After their arrival in the valley of the Great Salt Lake, they moved north and settled in Bountiful.
To Cedar City and the Ironworks
The following year they joined their friend Isaac Haight in settling in Cedar City in the newly-founded Iron Mission. Daniel's mother Annabella became a plural wife of Isaac Haight and Daniel became his step-son.
Dan Macfarlane was an early member of the Cedar Dramatic Association where his bearing and deep voice made him successful in both tragedies and farces. He also joined other Scots as well as English and Welsh in the choir where he met his future wife, Temperance Keturah Haight, the daughter of Isaac and Eliza Ann Haight. Through this marriage, his step-father became his father-in-law.
In moving to Cedar City, Daniel Macfarlane had settled in an area dominated by the Deseret Iron Company, known more familiarly as the Ironworks. See Summary of Deseret Iron Company for a brief summary of its early development.
In April 1857, the delivery of a new steam engine from Great Salt Lake City seemed to breathe new life for the Ironworks. After its arrival, they built a new room to house the engine, connected its boiler to a steady water supply and modified the furnace to accommodate the engine. Many settlers in Cedar City worked long hours in the ironworks. In early June they started an iron run using the steam engine. However, the new machinery created its own set of problems. Through the end of July, they experimented with different configurations of furnace, engine and piping, attempting to optimize the blast furnace. In August, they installed a reservoir to provided filtered water to the steam engine to improve its performance. From late August to early September, shortly before the crisis involving the passing Arkansas emigrant company, they began a new furnace run. But it, too, ended in failure, probably around the time that a dispute arose between some community members and several of those in the passing Arkansas wagon train.
However, other than some small transactions at the company store, the Deseret Iron Company's ledger is silent on Dan Macfarlane for this period. It appears that he may have pursued farming and livestock raising. His brother John played a role at the Ironwork during this time of intense activity in mid-1857. But there is no evidence that Dan Macfarlane was involved.
In the Iron Military District: Dan Macfarlane, Adjutant to Capt. Joel White, Company D, Isaac Haight's 2nd Battalion
In 1857, the Iron Military District consisted of four battalions led by regimental commander Col. William H. Dame. The platoons and companies in the first battalion drew on men in and around Parowan. (It had no involvement at Mountain Meadows.) Major Isaac Haight commanded the 2nd Battalion whose personnel in its many platoons and two companies came from Cedar City and outer-lying communities to the north such as Fort Johnson. Major John Higbee headed the 3rd Battalion whose many platoons and two companies were drawn from Cedar City and outer-lying communities to the southwest such as Fort Hamilton. Major John D. Lee of Fort Harmony headed the 4th Battalion whose platoons and companies drew on its militia personnel from Fort Harmony, the Southerners at the newly-founded settlement in Washington, the Indian interpreters at Fort Clara, and the new settlers at Pinto. A 2nd lieutenant in a platoon in Company D in early 1857, Macfarlane was assigned as adjutant to Captain Joel White of Company D, one of the Cedar City militia companies attached to Major Isaac Haight's 2nd Battalion. His older brother, John Menzies Macfarlane, was adjutant to Major Haight (his step-father). In September 1857, when the Arkansas emigrant train became besieged at Mountain Meadows, Macfarlane was among those who mustered there. See A Basic Account for a full description of the massacre.
In the recently-published statement of Ellott Willden, he maintained that Dan Macfarlane was in the small continent consisting William C. Stewart, Philip Klingensmith and others who encountered two emigrants seeking help from the Mormon settlements on (probably) Wednesday evening. Willden said that Klingensmith killed one of them; he did not identify who killed the other one.
Macfarlane was at the military council at the Meadows in the evening of Thursday the 10th. On Friday the 11th, according to John D. Lee, Macfarlane was on horseback, carrying "orders from one part of the field to another." For instance, while Major Lee was negotiating with the Arkansas emigrants inside their wagon fortification, Dan Macfarlane carried a message from Major Higbee to Lee to hurry the emigrants along.
As the emigrant column proceeded north, Macfarlane headed the cluster of women and children on horseback. As the firing commenced, Macfarlane was among two or three on horseback who ranged over the field, preventing any emigrants from escaping. Lee later claimed that the Scottish emigrant Macfarlane was among the most violent in the massacre but his account is uncorroborated. On the day after the massacre, Macfarlane heard Col. William Dame and Major Isaac Haight arguing over which one was responsible for the orders that led to the massacre. "Daniel McFarlan" was included in the 1859 arrest warrant. However, he did not testify in either of the Lee trials of 1875 or 1876.
Remaining in Cedar City
In 1862, Macfarlane married Keturah Haight, who bore him twelve children. In 1879, he took a second wife, marrying Elizabeth Ford, a Welsh emigrant, who bore him nine children. His last child was born when he was 63.
During the mid to late 1860s, the Black Hawk War caused the militia units in southern Utah to be reorganized and strengthened to provide greater security to the white settlers. Daniel Macfarlane was in some of the militia units that patroled for raiding Paiute and, later, Navajo Indians.
However, Macfarlane was known for more than his involvement in the militia and other martial pursuits. Both Daniel and his brother John were noted musicians with strong singing voices. One fiddler was heard to say of his singing, "When you ask Dan Macfarlane to sing bass, you want to make sure you have a strong foundation under your house."
In the late 1870s, Macfarlane served as a missionary to his native Scotland.
Later Statements about the MassacreWilliam Dame and Isaac Haight for the orders from the Iron County 10th Regiment, Macfarlane sided more with Haight than Dame. But Macfarlane may have been biased because of his strong familial ties to Isaac Haight.
In 1896, nearly four decades after the massacre, Macfarlane prepared an affidavit of some events surrounding it. John M. Higbee, Joel W. White, and William Tait also made affidavits around the same time. This Macfarlane affidavit is of lesser importance and value. Somewhat vague and conclusionary in nature, its primary purpose appears to have been to minimize the role of John M. Higbee in the massacre and rehabilitate his reputation. Higbee had been under indictment for more than twenty years but the criminal prosecution had only recently been formally dismissed in 1896.
Later census records list Macfarlane as a "day laborer" who did "odd jobs." He lived for more than 60 years in Cedar City, died in 1914 and was buried there. He was survived by his two wives and numerous children.
Affidavit of Daniel Macfarlane, June 29, 1896, in Brooks, The Mountain Meadows Massacre, Appendix III, 235-38; Bagley, Blood of the Prophets, 126, 142, 145, 146, 277; Lee, Mormonism Unveiled, 232, 237, 240, 254, 283, 380; Lee Trial transcripts; Macfarlane, Yours Sincerely, John M. Macfarlane, 35-37, 41-45, 49, 50, 55-56, 64, 77, 79; Merkley, ed., Monuments to Courage: A History of Beaver County, 134; New.familysearch.org; Seegmiller, A History of Iron County, 55-56, 64-69; Shirts, A Trial Furnace, 489, 492; Turley and Walker, Mountain Meadows Massacre: The Jenson & Morris Collections, 16-17, 86-87, 88-108 (rough notes of interview), 109-119 (formal report), 189; Walker, et al, Massacre at Mountain Meadows, 157, 179, 190, 193, 197-98, Appendix C, 260.
For full bibliographic information see Bibliography.
For further information on Daniel S. Macfarlane see:
- Deseret Iron Company Account Book, 1854-1867: http://www.footnote.com/document/241905844/
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